P-3 (third & fourth grade)

Third and Fourth Grade at The Jefferson School

A child's language and literacy skills lay the groundwork for academic achievement and is the route through which academic learning progresses at this level. The curriculum focuses on the ability of students to select and combine skills and strategies to read fluently with meaning and purpose, apply comprehension competency and vocabulary to a wider variety of texts and check on and improve their comprehension as needed. Students are encouraged to use their knowledge of text structures, vocabulary and the world to understand and communicate. Reading for pleasure and choosing books based on personal preference, topic or author is fostered. Students create engaging and detailed stories, as well as reports that are increasingly persuasive, informative or entertaining.

In mathematics, students are able to apply a host of strategies when solving problems with three-digit numbers or less. In addition, they are building multiplication skills, are able to recognize a wide variety of shapes and can readily identify patterns. They can also translate simple word problems into number sentences and begin to apply more algebraic thinking and logic to solving problems with addition and subtraction.

The social studies focus is on geography, history, civics and economics. Map reading and interpretation is studied and students continue to learn to associate landforms with climate types. Communication and transportation links between communities is investigated, as well as comparing different cultures and customs related to the geographic features and regions studied. Students study important people, dates and events from the following time periods: Native American early civilizations, early European settlements. early European settlements in Delaware, Revolutionary Way and Constitutional period and early expansion to 1850.
With respect to Civics, students study the purpose of government and the U.S. and Delaware Constitution, branches of government, different types of government, elected positions and the rule of law. Students study banking services and the banking system, as well as foundation economic concepts and structures, including international trade.

Science classes are focused on hands on science explorations and experimentation. Topics covered include:

  • Animals and Plants: classification and characteristics
  • The Solar System
  • Earth’s Structures: basic layers, surface, soil, water cycles and natural resources
  • Technology and Inventions; properties and structures of matter

Many project based hands on activities take students outside to investigate our woods, nature trail, two ponds, green house, gardens and goats on our 43 acre campus.

P3 (Third and Fourth Grade) Curriculum Resources

  • MacMillan/McGraw Hill Treasure series
  • Harcourt Brace Spelling
  • Sadlier Vocabulary Workshop
  • Lakeshore Reader’s Response Notebook
  • SRA Laboratory
  • Pearson Science
  • Singapore Mathematics
  • ixl - online math and language arts
  • Chromebooks: Google Apps for Education for research and writing, etc.

3rd/4th SNAPSHOT (continued)

3rd/4th SNAPSHOT (continued)

They begin to understand the concept of masking emotions and can vary their use of coping strategies to deal with challenging situations. In peer interactions, they may start to engage in leadership, goal-setting, elaborate fantasy play and an assortment of interactive games.

This age group is typically more dramatic, explosive, demanding and outgoing than younger children. They have an increased use of self-management skills, stable emotional expressions and use of more indirect methods of self-control (e.g., reading a book, leaving a group that is losing control). While they may still insist on having their own way, they are able to listen to reason. They also may act rude or unreasonable if things do not go as desired, but will recognize their behavior and apologize. Additionally, they may start to independently experiment with shifts in routine and will make better transitions when the schedule changes.

Children at this age value friends greatly and make them an increasingly important part of their life. Critical features of friendship include mutual trust, shared interests, a willingness to give and take, the ability to respond to each others needs and desirable qualities like kindness. Having at least one close friend (a best friend) is a key developmental accomplishment at this age.